When you go travel around the world, there are just places where your jaw drops in amazement. You might not be able to see all of them in your life time so we came up with a list of some of these amazing geological wonders:
The Wave – Border of Utah and Arizona
The Wave is a natural gallery of sandstones that can be found along the border of Utah and Arizona, particularly on Colorado Plateau. You will see stones resembling mushrooms, cones, pillars and other odd shapes. The twisted rocks come in a rainbow of reds, pinks, and yellows which might be due to the iron deposits in the region.
It is ideal to go to this perfect nature photography subject between mid-March to November when permits are also granted for hiking. Aside from The Wave, you have to take note of other landmarks like the Vertical Crack, Twin Buttes, Colored Domes, Top Arch, Alcove, The Groto, and Dinosaur Tracks which will guide you to find and explore this stone stunner.
The Great Blue Hole off Belize
There are blue holes around the earth known for their depth and blue color. The one near the coast of Belize is quite distinct with depths reaching to 480 feet and a diameter of about 1,000 feet. It was formed ages ago when the sea rose to cover a system of limestone caves which became part of the Light House Reef.
The Great Blue Hole is considered as one of the best diving sites in the world and is tagged as among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The edges are just a few feet deep but once you submerge into the blue, it will be like a journey back in time. It is a colorful painting of different corals, sea fans, butterfly fish, shrimps, neon gobies, and angelfish when you take a dive. The temperature is perfect for diving at 24 degrees Celsius all year round.
Crystal Cave of the Giants in Naica, Mexico
This cave of giant crystals that can be called home by Superman was accidentally discovered back in 2000 by some miners in Naica, Mexico. You might be wondering how on earth the crystals got that big. Precisely, earth provided the perfect temperature and environment for the crystals to be that monstrous, and that is 950 deep and 58 degrees Celsius hot. There is no place on earth other than this one.
The crystals here are as big as or bigger than full grown pine trees and they are magically translucent in hues of silver and gold of different shapes. Thank the continuous pumping of water out of the caves so we can explore it. Every step is dangerous and you must be guided by professionals.
Hell’s Gate in Uzebekiztan
Near the town of Darva, you might mistake it for a scene in Dante’s Inferno or a frame out of a National Geographic feature but yes, the Hell Gate is just like that. Almost four decades ago, experts drilling for gas encountered this giant cavern and unlucky them, most of their equipment was gobbled by the big hole. Poisonous gases started to sip out of the hole so the experts lit it up so no one will get hurt. It has been burning ever since.
Chocolate Hills – Bohol, Philippines
The Chocolate Hills in the Southern portion of the Philippines are just like Hershey’s Kisses, about 1,268 perfect cones lined on a table. How these yummy looking hills were formed are still explained only by theories. Experts argue about weathering of limestone, volcanic systems under the ocean, and some say that these were giant rocks spewed out of a giant volcano then covered by limestone.
Whatever its origin is, the Chocolate Hills is a tourist attraction so be sure to visit it when you are in Southeast Asia. Aside from the Chocolate Hills, Bohol also offer a great variety of experience from snorkeling, relaxing on the long white sand beaches, dining while being serenaded by a choir in the river, old churches, and a lot more. They turn green too when the grass covering them grows green.
Giant’s Causeway, Ireland
The Giant’s Causeway is like a big puzzle of 40,000 basalt columns interlocked with each other. The rock formation which has been a prime tourist destination in Northern Island is a product of a volcanic eruption ages ago. Its name also has a legend behind it. It is said that the giant Finn McCool of Ireland built this as a bridge to cross to Scotland to fight a giant living there. There are of course other versions of the story.
The Giant’s Causeway is a World Heritage Site. Back in 2009, about 714, 612 tourists flocked to this basalt coastline and explored its 15-mile stretch. If you are going there, the site is just 3 kilometers up north of Bushmills and about a few kilometers west of Ballycastle.
Richat Structure or Eye of the Sahara in Mauritania
It could well look like an exploding star or a galaxy when you look at pictures of it but the Eye of the Sahara is a huge 50 kilometer diameter formation on the Sahara desert. Geologist thought that it was due to a meteor impact but it is now believed to be caused by land uplift forming the dome, and erosion exposing the quartz forming the bed.
The structure is like a bull’s eye and it serves as landmark for astronauts orbiting our planet.
Blue Lake Cave in Brazil
The small town of Bonito in the Mato Grosso do Sul region of Brazil has a number of wonderful underground lakes for those who love to explore. To name a few they have the Aquario Natural, Gruta do Mimoso, and Gruta do Lago Azul. The Blue Lake Cave or the Gruta do Lago Azul is a natural wonder famous to locals, tourists, and nature lovers. The cave is lined with big stalagmites and stalactites, and the flowing blue lake.
Guides can help you discover the different geological formations in the cave. Do not forget to bring your tennis shoes, bottle of water, insect repellant and binoculars. Light clothing will be the best choice.
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