Antirhodus, Alexandria

Cleopatra has to be one of the most intriguing characters in World History. She broke away from tradition, learned Egyptian and assumed the role of the goddess to her people. The tragedy of her death by suicide has been highly romanticized by writers like William Shakespeare and modern pop culture.

Now one of the few remains of her glorious reign can just off the Alexandrian coast part of  Alexander the Great’s citadel. Frack Goddio of France, together with his team of explorers, had unraveled upon the ruins they believe to be the residence of Cleopatra herself. The palace and the other islands off the harbor sunk around 1,600 ago after encountering staggering earthquakes and tidal waves.

The team centered their efforts on sunken Antirhodus where historians peg Cleopatra’s palace to be. The digs yielded ruins which contained columns of red granite carved with Greek letterings and a shipwreck. However it is the startling discovery of two statues, one a priestess of the goddess Isis and the sphinx adorned with the bust of Ptolemy XII confirms the historian’s speculations. The items were returned to their original positions after the government wants to create an undersea museum.

Port Royal, Jamaica

Once, perhaps the scurviest place in the Caribbean, the city of Port Royal, home to pirates, prostitutes and  grog, encountered an earthquake which cleaved the thirty three acres of the city. The earthquake  of 1692 effectively sent a time capsule of the architecture and semblance of life during this age of exploration. Various buildings, thoroughfares, homes and corpses lie under the waves of Kingston Harbor.

The Nautical Archaeology Program of Texas A&M, Institute of Nautical Archaeology and the Jamaican National Heritage Trust fielded a team to probe the remaining 13 acres of Port Royal in 1981. According to their research, the parts that went under cracked and were buried under the top half of the remains. However the team ventured further and found other ruins which had been saved from destruction.

Contrary to impressions, the Port Royal ruins rewarded investigators with valuable yields. There had been a lot of preserved food found in areas where no oxygen is present to destroy them. Thanks to the dig, social scientists have an idea of life in the Caribbean during the 17th century.

Mahabalipuram, India

Archaelogists theorize that the mysterious temple by the shore in Mahabalipuram is not a single edifice but part of a temple complex consisting of seven shrines. Only one of the temples remain floating while the six others have sunk. Latest discoveries corroborate this idea as one ruin was discovered in April, 2002 off the coast of Tamil Nadu’s part of Mahabalipuram. A team of marine archaelogists from Scientific Exploration Society and Indian institution National Institute of Oceanography found stone masonry and wall ruins as well as cut rocks and blocks and ascending stairs hidden by rock formations.

A lion statue in the fourth site of the excavation points to the possible existence of a bustling complex of temples.  The builders of the temple complex is reputed to be the Pallava Dynasty who ruled India during the 7thcentury AD. These rulers erected such stuctures around Kanchipuram and Mahabalipuram.

Experts are still investigating why the temples sunk.

Yonaguni-Jima, Japan

These ruins were discovered by accident by an expert diver during a trip in 1995 when he wandered farther than he intended from Okinawa and alittle closer to Taiwanese waters. The ruins measures around 100X50X25 meters and features slabs of rock standing at 90 degrees. According to scientists who measured the age of the rocks, Yonaguni-jima is estimated to be at least 8,000 years old. This particular evidence debunks various ideas about world history considering the technology used by the men who built the complex was too early for its time.

Because of the mystery surrounding the origins of these ruins, various scientists have postulated different theories on how Yonaguni-Jima came to be. The more conservative archaeologists and scientists believe that the cut stones is actually a natural geological formation. However, their ideas are confronted by the stairs and the hallways found in the structure itself. The more open-minded scientists argue that the ruins is proof of the existence of Mu, a continent which is believed to have sunk 10,000 years ago.

Until scientists invent a way to be able to safely perform archaelogical digs in the challenging currents at the area of the ruins, speculations that Yonaguni-Jima is part of the country which started civilization, will not be put to rest.

Pavlopetri, Greece

One of the coastal towns of the Greeks during the Bronze Age of the Greeks, the submerged Pavlopetri is a potential motherlode of archaeological information of life during that particular period. Scientists believe that the buildings, tombs, courtyards and walkways of the town date back to 2800 BC when the Myceneans ruled much of the Meditarreanean. This is the time when the most important events essayed in classic literature occurred including the battle of Troy which Homer detailed in the Iliad.

Despite having painted life in the Classical period due to extensive digs and research on inland sites, scientists are clamoring to find out how coastal towns like Pavlopetri worked. Pavlopetri is stipulated to be a major coastal town which was a trade hub for various countries resting in the Mediterranean. The coastal formation of the town hint of its serving as a dock for the ships during that period.

Dr. Jon Henderson of the University of Nottingham gained access to Pavlopetri 40 years after the first team made a survey of the ruins. He stresses the importance of preserving and studying the town before the waters finally erode Pavlopetri away.

Dwarka, India

One of the most important Indian ruins rests submerged off the beaches of Bet Dwarka and Dwarka. According to archaeologists, the ruins is part of the ancient city of Dvaraka, where Krishna was supposed to have lived. Many Indians believe in Krishna as the supreme being. It is this mythological dimension which lends excitement to the investigations that had been carried out in the area since 1983. Aside from the city there are also ruins containing temples from India’s medieval kingdoms.

Because of the active cataclysms in that part of the country, experts believe that Dvaraka has gone six times under and the current modern incarnation of Dwarka is already the 7th metropolis in the coast.

The investigations are still underway to look for Dvaraka and Krishna’s abode.

Lost Villages, Canada

As progress roared in Canada in 1958, it demanded the creation of the St. Lawrence Seaway, a large canal system which allowed ships from the Atlantic to cross the land and into the great lakes of the continent. Unfortunately, the towns of Osnabruck and Cornwall and eight other communities lay in the path of the projected pathway. After negotiations and lands were bought and the families having been moved, the government proceeded in flooding the area through the destruction of a cofferdam.

Four days later a majority of these townships are submerged under freshwater. On a clear day, people on boats can see the sidewalks and remains of the buildings. When the waters levels are low, these such ruins can likewise be seen on  the shore. The higher areas of the communities now float around the seaway as islands.



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